Cultural Resource Inventory at the Monte Cristo Mining District

Tierra was contracted by the Mount Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest in Washington State to perform a detailed survey and record sites at the Monte Cristo Mining District and townsite. The U.S. Forest Service (USFS) was preparing for a large-scale clean-up intended to remove contaminated soils from several mines, adits, and processing centers within the old townsite. As part of the clean-up process, a full inventory of cultural resources was requested. 

Historic Mining Refuse at Monte CristoTierra was hired to synthesize all previous data on the area and to conduct a survey of the townsite and associated mine-related features. The end product will help the USFS assess the resources it presently possesses and will aid in the reconstruction of features impacted by clean-up efforts.

Tierra’s work consisted of four field visits in the spring and summer of 2013, as well as interviews and extensive research into the town’s history. High elevation and a remote mountain location made fieldwork particularly challenging, as late snowmelt, early winter conditions, and frequent precipitation created a narrow working window. Fieldwork consisted of surveying, mapping, and recording all features, structures, and artifacts re-located during survey. All structural debris was mapped in its present condition, and all artifacts were provenienced with a GPS unit to aid in re-location or replacement once the USFS clean-up is complete.

Tierra’s archaeologists wrote an extensive report documenting the results of the surveys, and the project was completed in the Autumn of 2013.



For more information on our Cultural Resources operations or to inquire about obtaining our services, please contact:

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Division Director
Environmental Planning & Cultural Resources
(800) 887-0847